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ServiceNow Mitre Att&ck Framework Interview Questions 2024

What is the MITRE ATT&CK Framework?

  • The MITRE ATT&CK Framework details behavior and taxonomy for adversarial actions in threat lifecycles, improving threat intelligence and security operations/architecture.

Why was the MITRE ATT&CK Framework created?

  • It was created in 2013 to document common tactics, techniques, and procedures (TTPs) part of advanced persistent threats (APTs) against organizations, creating a common taxonomy and relationship model for defenders and researchers.

What are the two parts of the ATT&CK Framework?

  • ATT&CK for Enterprise, covering behavior against enterprise IT networks and cloud, and ATT&CK for Mobile, focusing on behavior against mobile devices.

Why is the MITRE ATT&CK Framework important?

  • It functions as an authority on hacker behaviors and techniques, eliminating ambiguity, outlining a centralized vocabulary, and enhancing collaboration among industry professionals.

What is the Pyramid of Pain?

  • It is a representation of the types of indicators of compromise (IoCs), measuring the potential usefulness of threat intelligence and focusing on incident response and threat hunting.

What is the ATT&CK Matrix?

  • A visualization of the relationship between tactics (why an attacker is performing an action) and techniques (the actions they are taking to support the tactic).

What are tactics in the ATT&CK Framework?

  • Higher-level ideas of why an attacker is performing an action, such as reconnaissance, resource development, initial access, execution, and more.

What are techniques in the ATT&CK Framework?

  • Specific actions used by malware or threat groups to compromise a target and achieve their goals. There are around 300 techniques to be aware of.

What is the role of the Pyramid of Pain in threat intelligence?

  • It complements other indicators by focusing on incident response and threat hunting, emphasizing different levels of IoCs from trivial hash values to tough TTPs.

What are examples of trivial indicators in the Pyramid of Pain?

  • Hash values generated by algorithms like MD5 and SHA, representing specific malicious files.

What are the use cases of the ATT&CK Framework?

  • Threat intelligence, detection and analytics, adversary emulation, assessments, and engineering.

How does the ATT&CK Framework assist in cyber-threat intelligence?

  • By documenting attacker behavior based on publicly available reporting, indicating which groups use which techniques.

What is adversary emulation in the context of ATT&CK?

  • Communicating varied behaviors to blue and red teams, emulating adversaries based on cyber-threat intelligence, and performing atomic technique tests.

How can the ATT&CK Framework improve security incident response?

  • By preparing organizations to identify, minimize, and recover from security events, improving analysis and response to incidents, and prioritizing specific threats.

What are network/host artifacts in the Pyramid of Pain?

  • Network artifacts identify malicious activity patterns, and host artifacts include observables like registry keys or malware-created files.

What are tools in the context of the Pyramid of Pain?

  • Software that attackers use against targets, such as utilities for spearphishing, backdoors, and password crackers.

What are TTPs in the Pyramid of Pain?

  • The entire process of how an attacker accomplishes their mission, from research to data exfiltration.

How does the ATT&CK Framework enhance detection and analytics?

  • Through purple teaming, data sources, testing, custom analytics, and out-of-band (OOB) analytics.

What are some benefits of using ATT&CK for enterprise security?

  • It provides a detailed knowledge base of behaviors against IT networks and cloud, improving defense strategies and incident responses.

How does the ATT&CK Framework support vulnerability response?

  • By leveraging automation to reduce response time, prioritize critical incidents, and increase IT effectiveness.

What is the significance of common taxonomy in ATT&CK?

  • It ensures TTPs are comparable across different adversary groups, using the same terminology for better understanding and defense.

Why is it important to base TTPs on observed incidents?

  • To ensure the framework is applicable to real environments and accurately represents adversary behaviors.

How can security teams use ATT&CK for adversary emulation?

  • By simulating adversary behaviors based on threat intelligence to test and improve defenses.

What role does ATT&CK play in assessments and engineering?

  • It helps assess coverage gaps, prioritize mitigations and investments, and improve fidelity across multiple techniques.

How can ATT&CK improve automated workflows in security operations?

  • By using essential tactics and resources from the ATT&CK playbook to enhance incident response and threat detection.

How does the ATT&CK Framework aid in cyber threat intelligence?

  • It documents attacker behavior based on reports, associates techniques with groups, and helps focus on high-usage techniques.

What is the importance of the ATT&CK Matrix?

  • It visually represents the relationship between tactics and techniques, aiding in understanding and planning defenses.

How does ATT&CK support threat intelligence beyond typical indicators?

  • By focusing on adversarial behaviors that are less ephemeral or untrustworthy compared to IP addresses or file hashes.

What are the key components of ATT&CK for Mobile?

  • It includes behavior against mobile devices, helping defend against mobile-specific threats.

How does ATT&CK enhance collaboration among security professionals?

  • By providing a centralized vocabulary and detailed framework, facilitating discussions and collaborative efforts to combat attackers.

How can ATT&CK be used in threat hunting?

  • By focusing on different levels of IoCs, such as network artifacts or TTPs, to identify and mitigate threats.

What is the role of ATT&CK in purple teaming?

  • It aids in testing defenses through coordinated activities between red (attack) and blue (defense) teams using the framework’s tactics and techniques.

How can ATT&CK assist in developing threat models?

  • By providing advanced threat models and methodologies to anticipate and defend against cyberattacks.

What is the impact of using ATT&CK for command and control (C2) detection?

  • It helps identify and respond to C2 activities by understanding typical adversary behaviors and techniques.

How does ATT&CK help prioritize mitigation efforts?

  • By assessing coverage gaps and focusing on techniques with the highest usage or impact, guiding resource allocation.

What is the significance of adversary lifecycles in ATT&CK?

  • It provides a detailed understanding of how attackers progress through different stages of an attack, aiding in better defense planning.

How does the ATT&CK Framework relate to the Cyber Kill Chain?

  • While the Cyber Kill Chain offers a high-level view, ATT&CK provides a detailed mapping of TTPs to new sensors and defenses.

What are the key differences between ATT&CK for Enterprise and ATT&CK for Mobile?

  • ATT&CK for Enterprise covers IT networks and cloud, while ATT&CK for Mobile focuses on mobile device threats and behaviors.

How can ATT&CK improve the effectiveness of red team exercises?

  • By using detailed techniques and tactics to simulate real-world attacks, enhancing the realism and effectiveness of exercises.

What are some challenges in implementing ATT&CK in an organization?

  • Complexity of the framework, need for specialized knowledge, and integration with existing security tools and processes.

How does ATT&CK help in identifying indicators of compromise (IoCs)?

  • By documenting detailed behaviors and techniques, it aids in recognizing and responding to IoCs effectively.

What is the benefit of using ATT&CK for security operations?

  • It enhances threat detection, incident response, and overall security posture by providing a comprehensive framework of adversarial behaviors.

How can ATT&CK support continuous improvement in security?

  • By regularly updating its knowledge base with new techniques and behaviors, it helps organizations stay current with evolving threats.

What are some examples of tools documented in the ATT&CK Framework?

  • Utilities for creating malicious documents, backdoors for establishing C2, and password crackers.

How does ATT&CK aid in understanding adversary behaviors?

  • By documenting common TTPs and their usage by different threat groups, it provides insights into adversary strategies and methods.

How can organizations leverage ATT&CK for better threat intelligence?

  • By using its detailed documentation of adversary behaviors to inform and enhance threat intelligence efforts.

What is the role of ATT&CK in vulnerability management?

  • It helps prioritize vulnerabilities based on common attack techniques, guiding remediation efforts.

How does ATT&CK support incident response teams?

  • By providing a structured framework for identifying, analyzing, and responding to security incidents.

What are some common challenges in using ATT&CK for mobile security?

  • Adapting the framework to mobile-specific threats and integrating it with existing mobile security practices.

How can ATT&CK enhance the overall security strategy of an organization?
– By offering a detailed and structured approach to understanding and defending against adversary behaviors, improving the overall security posture.

These questions and answers cover a wide range of topics related to the MITRE ATT&CK Framework, from basic concepts to practical applications and advanced topics, ensuring a comprehensive understanding for interview purposes.

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